m

Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur
adipiscing elit. Etiam posuere varius
magna, ut accumsan quam pretium
vel. Duis ornare

Latest News
Follow Us
GO UP
Image Alt

KERALA

Kerala

Kerala (English: /ˈkɛrələ/ KERR-ə-lə), officially Keralam (Malayalam: `{`ke:ɾɐɭɐm`}` ⓘ), is a state on the Malabar Coast of India.`{`15`}` It was formed on 1 November 1956, following the passage of the States Reorganisation Act, by combining Malayalam-speaking regions of the erstwhile regions of Cochin, Malabar, South Canara, and Travancore.`{`16`}``{`17`}` Spread over 38,863 km2 (15,005 sq mi), Kerala is the 21st largest Indian state by area. It is bordered by Karnataka to the north and northeast, Tamil Nadu to the east and south, and the Lakshadweep Sea`{`18`}` to the west. With 33 million inhabitants as per the 2011 census, Kerala is the 13th-largest Indian state by population. It is divided into 14 districts with the capital being Thiruvananthapuram. Malayalam is the most widely spoken language and is also the official language of the state

The Chera dynasty was the first prominent kingdom based in Kerala. The Ay kingdom in the deep south and the Ezhimala kingdom in the north formed the other kingdoms in the early years of the Common Era (CE). The region had been a prominent spice exporter since 3000 BCE.[citation needed] The region’s prominence in trade was noted in the works of Pliny as well as the Periplus around 100 CE. In the 15th century, the spice trade attracted Portuguese traders to Kerala, and paved the way for European colonisation of India. At the time of Indian independence movement in the early 20th century, there were two major princely states in Kerala: Travancore and Cochin. They united to form the state of Thiru-Kochi in 1949.

The Malabar region, in the northern part of Kerala, had been a part of the Madras province of British India, which later became a part of the Madras State post-independence. After the States Reorganisation Act, 1956, the modern-day state of Kerala was formed by merging the Malabar district of Madras State (excluding Gudalur taluk of Nilgiris districtLakshadweep Islands, Topslip, the Attappadi Forest east of Anakatti), the taluk of Kasaragod (now Kasaragod District) in South Canara, and the erstwhile state of Thiru-Kochi (excluding four southern taluks of Kanyakumari district, and Shenkottai taluks)

Kerala has the lowest positive population growth rate in India, 3.44%; the highest Human Development Index (HDI), 0.784 in 2018 (0.712 in 2015); the highest literacy rate, 96.2% in the 2018 literacy survey conducted by the National Statistical Office, India;[10] the highest life expectancy, 77.3 years; and the highest sex ratio, 1,084 women per 1,000 men. Kerala is the least impoverished state in India according to NITI Aayog‘s Sustainable Development Goals dashboard and Reserve Bank of India‘s ‘Handbook of Statistics on Indian Economy’.[20][21] Kerala is the second-most urbanised major state in the country with 47.7% urban population according to the 2011 Census of India.[22] The state topped in the country to achieve the Sustainable Development Goals according to the annual report of NITI Aayog published in 2019.[23] The state has the highest media exposure in India with newspapers publishing in nine languages, mainly Malayalam and sometimes EnglishHinduism is practised by more than half of the population, followed by Islam and Christianity.

Good to Know

Country
INDIA
Visa Requirements
Online Visa*
Languages spoken
Malayalam,English
Capital
Thiruvananthapuram
Area (km2)
38,863 km2 (15,005 sq mi)

Munnar

Munnar (IPA: [muːn̪ːɐːr]) is a town and hill station located in the Idukki district of the southwestern Indian state of Kerala. Munnar is situated at around 1,600 metres (5,200 ft) above mean sea level,[4] in the Western Ghats mountain range. Munnar is also called the “Kashmir of South India” and is a popular honeymoon destination.

The name Munnar is combination of the words “Munnu”and “Aaru”in the local languages of Malayalam/Tamil meaning “three rivers”[5] referring to its location at the confluence of the MuthirapuzhaNallathanni and Kundali rivers.

 

The nearest airport is Cochin International Airport, which is 110 kilometres (68 mi) away. The Coimbatore and Madurai airports is 165 kilometres (103 mi) from Munnar.